Part 1: Select a fixing suitable for the building material
The most important factor influencing the choice of the right fixing is the fixing base, i.e. the material used for the ceiling, wall, floor or other fixing base. The most common building materials used in Finland are:
The world’s most common building material used primarily in industrial construction due to its high compression strength. In house building, the most common structural components are foundations, load-bearing structures, intermediate floors and prefabricated staircases.
A very common building material used primarily in masonry structures. Used primarily in facades in the construction of small buildings and as building material for compartmentation structures in industrial construction.
A very common building material used primarily in masonry structures. Used primarily in facades, as the building material for compartmentation structures and in places where the material is required to have some degree of thermal insulation capability.
Used primarily as a surface material in construction, such as in facades and stairs. Due to its brittleness, natural stone cracks easily.
A fairly common building material in all construction due to its light weight and adaptability; brands include Siporex. Light concrete is used primarily as compartmentation structures, but also as load-bearing structures.
Lightweight aggregate concrete
A common material in the construction of small buildings; brands include Leca®. Lightweight aggregate concrete blocks are used especially in foundations and load-bearing structures.
Thin-walled building boards are extremely common in all construction, usually as the surface material of structures. Building boards include gypsum boards and fibre reinforced gypsum panels, wood fibre boards, plywood boards, particle boards and various decorative panels. The strength and properties of the boards vary greatly. The strength of the board surface and installation point of the fixing are also influenced by the timber or metal structures behind the board surface, such as battens.